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The modified Hornbostel-Sachs System is the system of musical instrument classification primarily used by the Organology Wiki. It is based primarily upon the Revision of the Hornbostel-Sachs Classification of Musical Instruments by the MIMO Consortium and Steve Mann's paper "Natural Interfaces for Musical Expression: Physiphones and physics-based organology".

Gaiaphones (1)[]

Idiophones (11)[]

  • Struck idiophones (111)
    • Idiophones struck directly (111.1)
      • Concussion idiophones or clappers (111.11)
        • Concussion sticks or stick clappers (111.111)
        • Concussion plaques or plaque clappers (111.112)
        • Concussion troughs or trough clappers (111.113)
        • Concussion vessels or vessel clappers (111.114)
          • Castanets (111.114.1)
          • Cymbals (111.114.2)
          • Concussion bells (111.114.3)
      • Percussion idiophones (111.12)
        • Percussion sticks (111.121)
          • (Individual) percussion sticks (111.121.1)
          • Sets of percussion sticks (111.121.2)
        • Percussion plaques (111.122)
          • (Individual) percussion plaques (111.122.1)
          • Sets of percussion plaques (111.122.2)
        • Percussion tubes (111.123)
          • (Individual) percussion tubes (111.123.1)
          • Sets of percussion tubes (111.123.2)
        • Percussion vessels (111.124)
          • Gongs (111.124.1)
            • (Individual) gongs (111.124.11)
              • Bossed gongs, flat gongs (with flange) and intermediate types (111.124.111)
              • Gongs with divided surface sounding different pitches (111.124.112)
  • Plucked idiophones or lamellaphones (112)
  • Friction idiophones (113)
  • Blown idiophones (114)
  • Metal sheets (115)
  • Flexed diaphragms (116)

Membranophones (12)[]

  • Struck drums (121)
  • Singing membranes or kazoos (124)

Chordophones (13)[]

  • Composite chordophones (132)

Hydraulophones (2)[]

  • Waterflutes or reedless hydraulophones (21)
  • Single-reed hydraulophones (22)
  • Double-reed hydraulophones (23)
  • Polyreed hydraulophones (24)

Aerophones (3)[]

  • Free aerophones (31)
  • Wind instruments proper (32)

Plasmaphones (4)[]

Quintephones (5)[]

  • Electrophones (51)
    • Electro-acoustic instruments and devices (511)
      • Electro-acoustic idiophones (511.1)
      • Electro-acoustic membranophones (511.2)
      • Electro-acoustic chordophones (511.3)
      • Electro-acoustic aerophones (511.4)
      • Transducers (511.5)
    • Electromechanical instruments and devices (512)
      • Tone wheel instruments (512.1)
      • Photoelectric electromechanical instruments (512.2)
      • Record/playback devices (512.3)
      • Electromechanical samplers (512.4)
      • Electromechanical sound processing devices (512.5)
    • Analogue electronic instruments, modules and components (513)
  • Synthesizers based on optical computing (52)
  • Synthesizers based on mechanical computing (53)
  • Synthesizers based on life forms, neural networks, etc. (54)
  • Physiologically generated music (55)
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